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Kandungan Gizi Air Kelapa Muda

kelapa mudaAir kelapa muda telah lama dipercaya masyarakat umum, memiliki banyak manfaat, mulai mentralkan keracunan, mengembalikan stamina, menurunkan hipertensi, hingga yang agak berbau mitos; bila air kelapa -terutama kelapa hijau- diminum oleh ibu hamil, maka proses persalinan menjadi mudah dan anak yang dilahirkan memiliki kulit yang putih dan mulus.

Benarkah air kelapa se’sakti’ itu? Mari sejenak kita kaji kandungan gizi yang ada pada air kelapa muda.


Jumlah air per butir kelapa muda sangat bervariasi, tergantung dari ukuran buahnya. Secara umum kadarnya tidak kurang dari 250 ml per butir. Komposisi gizi air kelapa muda sangat bervariasi, tergantung kepada varietas kelapa dan umur buah.


Secara umum, air kelapa mengandung 4,7 persen total padatan, 2,6 persen gula, 0,55 persen protein, 0,74 persen lemak, serta 0,46 persen mineral. Komposisi gizi yang demikian bagus menyebabkan air kelapa dapat digunakan sebagai media pertumbuhan mikroba, misalnya Acetobacter xylinum untuk produksi nata de coco. Air kelapa juga dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan pembuatan berbagai jenis minuman, jeli, alkohol, dektran, cuka, dan kecap.


Jenis gula yang terkandung pada air kelapa adalah glukosa, fruktosa, dan sukrosa.


Asam amino yang banyak terkandung pada air kelapa adalah asam glutamat, arginin, leusin, lisin, prolin, asam aspartat, alanin, histidin, fenilalanin, serin, sistin, dan tirosin. Vitamin yang banyak terkandung pada air kelapa adalah vitamin C, asam nikotinat, asam pantotenat, biotin, riboflavin, dan asam folat. Asam folat ini sangat penting untuk mendukung pertumbuhan janin dalam kandungan.


Jenis mineral terbanyak yang terdapat pada air kelapa adalah potasium (kalium). Mineral lain yang terdapat dalam jumlah cukup banyak kalsium, magnesium, dan klorida, sedangkan dalam jumlah sangat sedikit adalah sodium (natrium).


Komposisi minuman dengan rasio kalium terhadap natrium yang tinggi, sangat menguntungkan bagi kesehatan, khususnya terhadap pencegahan penyakit tekanan darah tinggi, seperti yang diyakini oleh masyarakat umum selama ini.


Susunan zat gizi yang ada pada air kelapa sangat mendekati komposisi cairan isotonik, yaitu cairan yang sangat sesuai dengan cairan tubuh. Itulah sebabnya cairan isotonik saat ini banyak diperjualbelikan sebagai salah satu jenis minuman bagi para olahragawan (sports drinks). Minuman isotonik dapat dengan segera menggantikan mineral tubuh yang hilang melalui keringat.


Ternyata, air kelapa memang benar-benar punya banyak khasiat!


Suara Merdeka (kdr/dila)


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